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Export date: Sun Dec 15 22:04:16 2019 / +0000 GMT

Mikhail Gorbachev


Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev Former World Leader and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate is one of the most respected political figures in the international arena. An engaging and powerful speaker who talks knowledgeably about the social, economic and political fallout of climate change and his vision for a greener world, the importance of world peace and the advantages of creating a sustainable future.

Mikhail Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Union, serving from 1985 until its collapse in 1991. His attempts at reform helped to end the Cold War, and also ended the political supremacy of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and dissolved the Soviet Union. He introduced a policy of openness or "Glasnost" and he was also the architect of "Perestroika" or deep political and economic reforms. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990. He is now president of Green Cross International and writes a regular column for the New York Times Syndicate.

From 1970 to 1989 Mikhail Gorbachev was the Deputy Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. as well as Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Soviet Union between 1984 and 1985. He was Secretary for Agriculture between 1978 and 1985 when he took the position of General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee until 1991. He was elected to the Congress of the People's Deputies of the U.S.S.R. in 1989 and became President of Russia in 1990.

Mikhail Gorbachev has been one of the twentieth century's most pivotal leaders. As President of the Soviet Union, he ended the fifty years of nuclear brinkmanship named the Cold War. In its place, he taught his country and the world two new ideas: glasnost and perestroika. These revolutionary concepts led to the blossoming of freedom in Eastern Europe and the introduction of democracy to Russia.

President Gorbachev dedicated himself to building a relationship of mutual trust between the Soviet Union and the United States, signing two broad disarmament pacts that dramatically reduced the danger of worldwide nuclear destruction. For his extraordinary efforts, he was awarded the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.

Now retired from politics, Gorbachev continues to strive towards achieving his global vision of peace. In 1992, he founded the Gorbachev Foundation, a nonprofit, non-partisan educational foundation dedicated to addressing the challenges of and articulating new priorities for the post-Cold War world.

In 1993, he founded Green Cross International, an environmental organization with the mission to help ensure a just, sustainable and secure future for all by fostering a value shift and cultivating a new sense of global interdependence and shared responsibility in humanity's relationship with nature.

For the first time since World War II, a generation of children is growing up without the fear that their generation may be the last. Mikhail Gorbachev will be forever honored for providing the courage and vision to help make that possible.

Topics

  • Global Priorities and Environmental issues

  • Leadership in Difficult Times

  • World Affairs

  • Peace in the 21st Century