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Dr. Jacques Attali


Dr. Jacques AttaliDr. Jacques Attali is an eminent economic advisor and theorist; a man of action and reflection who speaks on a wide range of topics including the future of Europe, New World Order, Challenges of Globalization and the Influence of the Internet to name but a few.

Professor, writer, Honorary Member of the Council of State, Special Adviser to the President of the Republic from 1981 to 1991, founder and first President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London from 1991 to 1993, Jacques Attali (www.attali.com) is currently CEO of A&A, an international consulting firm (www.aeta.net) specialised in new technologies, based in Paris, and President of PlaNet Finance (www.planetfinance.org), an international non-profit organisation assisting microfinance institutions all over the world. PlaNet Finance is the most important world institution of support to the microfinance. PlaNet Finance advises and finances the development of the microfinance in 80 countries.

He founded Action Contre la Faim in 1980 and the European programme Eurêka (a major European programme on new technologies that invented, among other things, the MP3). In, 1989, he also launched an international programme of action against the disastrous floods in Bangladesh. Jacques Attali then advised the Secretary General of the United Nations on the risks of nuclear proliferation. He is at the origin of the higher education reform, known as LMD, to bring all European degrees into line.

Jacques Attali has a doctorate in Economics and is a graduate of the Ecole Polytechnique (first in the class of 1963), the Ecole des Mines, the Institut d'Etudes Politiques and the Ecole Nationale de l'Administration. He taught Economic Theory at the Ecole Polytechnique, the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées and the University of Paris-Dauphine. He has received honorary doctorates from several foreign universities and is a member of the Universal Academy of Cultures.

Jacques Attali is a columnist for the magazine L'Express. He has written 54 books, translated into more than thirty languages, with over eight million copies sold all over the world, including essays (dealing with a wide variety of subjects ranging from mathematical economics, to music), biographies, novels, children's tales and plays. Dr. Attali has been designated as one of the three most influential intellectuals in France and one of the 100 most influential worldwide.

On April 2011, he was honored with the Corporate Citizenship award from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

Essays:

  • Analyse économique de la vie politique, PUF, 1973

  • Modèles politiques, PUF, 1974

  • L'Anti-économique (avec Marc Guillaume), PUF, 1975

  • La Parole et l'Outil, PUF, 1976

  • Bruits, PUF, 1977 et Fayard, 2000

  • La Nouvelle Économique française, Flammarion, 1978

  • L'Ordre cannibale, Grasset, 1979

  • Les Trois Mondes, Fayard, 1981

  • Histoires du Temps, Fayard, 1982

  • La Figure de Fraser, Fayard, 1984

  • Un homme d'influence, Fayard, 1985

  • Au propre et au figuré, Fayard, 1988

  • Lignes d'horizon, Fayard, 1990. 1492, Fayard, 1991

  • 1492, Fayard, 1992

  • Économie de l'Apocalypse, Fayard, 1994

  • Chemins de sagesse, Fayard, 1996

  • Fraternités, Fayard, 1999

  • Les Juifs, le monde et l'argent, Fayard, 2002

  • L'homme nomade, Fayard, 2003

  • Raison et Foi, BNF, 2004

  • La voie Humaine, Fayard, 2004

  • La confrérie des éveillés, Fayard, 2004

  • Karl Marx ou l'esprit du monde, Fayard, 2005

  • C'était François Mitterrand, Fayard, 2005

  • Une brève histoire de l'avenir, Fayard, 2006

  • La Crise, et après ?, Fayard, 2008

  • Le sens des choses, avec Stéphanie Bonvicini et 32 auteurs, Robert Laffont, 2009

  • Survivre aux crises, Fayard, 2009

  • Tous ruinés dans 10 ans ?, Fayard, 2010

  • Demain, qui gouvernera le monde le Monde ?, Fayard, 2011


Novels:

  • La Vie éternelle, roman, Fayard, 1989

  • Le Premier Jour après moi, roman, Fayard, 1990

  • Il viendra, roman, Fayard, 1994

  • Au-delà de nulle part, roman, Fayard, 1999

  • La Femme du menteur, roman, Fayard, 1999

  • Nouv'Elles, 2002

  • La Confrérie des Eveillés, Fayard, 2004


Biographies:

  • Sigmund Warburg, un homme d'influence, Fayard, 1985

  • Blaise Pascal, ou le génie français, Fayard, 2000

  • Karl Marx ou l'esprit du Monde, Fayard, 2004

  • Gandhî ou l'Eveil des Humiliés, Fayard, 2007

  • Phares, Fayard, 2010


Play:

  • Les Portes du Ciel, Fayard, 1999

  • Du Cristal à la fumée, Fayard, 2008


Children's tale:

  • Manuel, 1'enfant-réve (illustrated by Philippe Druillet), Stock, 1995.


Memoirs:

  • Verbatim I, Fayard, 1993.

  • Europe(s), Fayard, 1994.

  • Verbatim II, Fayard, 1995.

  • Verbatim III, Favard, 1995.


Rapports:

  • Pour un modèle européen d'enseignement supérieur, Stock, 1998.

  • L'Avenir du travail, Fayard/Institut Manpower, 2007.

  • 300 décisions pour changer la France, rapport de la Commission pour la libération de la croissance française, XO, 2008.

  • Paris et la mer. La Seine est capitale, Fayard, 2010.

  • Une ambition pour 10 ans, Editions XO, 2010


What is PlaNet Finance?

PlaNet Finance is an international organisation providing support to the microfinance sector– such as Microfinance Institutions, NGOs, Cooperatives, Banks or Financial Institutions, Governments or Central Banks.
PlaNet Finance's actions focus on the following three main areas:

1. Technical assistance, consulting & advisory services

2. Assessing and rating Microfinance Institutions.

3. Financing Microfinance Institutions.

PlaNet Finance is based in France and has a network of nearly 30 affiliates worldwide.

Jacques Attali, President of the Commission to free up growth in France
In February 2010, the French President and the Prime Minister asked Jacques Attali to take over the work of the Commission to free up growth in France.

This Commission, formed by forty-three French and foreign personalities, with various career, experience and opinions, had submitted a first report to the President in January 2008. This report advised 316 decisions to strengthen growth and thus allow France to keep his position in the world competition, while preserving its social model and solidarity.

In an unprecedented situation of economical and financial crisis, Jacques Attali and the Commission have been mobilised once again to evaluate the report made in 2008 and introduce new propositions to achieve the transformations required in France in the ten coming years.

As part of its second mandate, the Commission submitted on June 8 a pre-report, which evaluates the effective implementation of the 2008 report and introduces the great debates to which France will be exposed to succeed in 2020. In accordance with the Parliament, the Government, social partners and all the civil society's actors and representatives, the Commission is now preparing its final report. This report will describe the required actions to take in order to gain more growth and employment in France, while restoring the balance of public finances in an European dynamic.

A Short History of the Future
Jacques Attali's latest work takes on the daunting task of recounting in two hundred pages the history of the world. From prehistoric man to the future of mankind, he puts into perspective the huge changes of recent times, revealing that they are merely following certain age-old laws. Thus, by applying the recent discoveries of diverse scientific fields, it is possible to easily predict the course of globalization. After a series of terrible jolts – of discernible shapes and episodes – the world will become a collectivity of confrontational ideas of liberty and fraternity. Magnificent hopes and terrible nightmares will be played out: liberty can kill a man by turning him into merchandise, just as fraternity also can destroy him by refusing not giving him access to merchandise.
To fully benefit from these two principles, therefore, the lessons of the previous centuries must be learned and a simple project must be drawn up for mankind to rally around. The theory of history put forth by A Short History of the Future considers globalization in its various shapes and sizes, allowing the reader to participate in the creation of a truly bountiful and free world.

From Broken Glass to Smoke
This play explores the historical truth of the secret meeting of Nazi party leaders in Berlin on the morning of November 12th, 1938.
The meeting begins with a sinister discussion, the Nazi party finding itself unable to accept the compensation offered by insurance companies to the Jewish victims of Kristallnacht. It is at this meeting that the idea of the “final solution” is first put forth, well before the Wannsee Conference.
The play is based on the historical testimonies of the meeting's participants as well as newfound partial transcriptions uncovered by Risk International within the framework of their project “Living Heirs”.

On Love
A fascinating illustrated journey into the history of amorous relationships.
In societies throughout the world, the amorous relationships of man and woman have existed in every imaginable form: polyandry; polygamy; chivalrous love; longterm and short term marriage; celibacy; and multiple relationships. Indeed, with concerns to the sharing of women, men or children, all forms of forbidden relationships have been imposed – and eluded. Man's imagination in the matter knows no limits.
Today, forms of human relationships unthinkable only twenty years ago are predicted, with modern technology paving the way for new and dizzying prospects such as virtual love, cloning and the artificial uterus... Amongst a wealth of original photographs, the reader here discovers the polyandrous tribes of China and a New Guinean people of homosexual rituals, the women of the Arabian harems and the multiple husbands of Tibet, the American prostitute and the Japanese Geisha, the masters of Indian eroticism and the adepts of Chinese techniques, the conservative family and the homosexual trio... More than an inventory of amorous forms both past and present, a fascinating look at relationships to come.

Beacons
24 Important World Figures
What do Abd-al-Kadir, the early leader of Arab resistance to North African colonization, Ho Chi Minh, the founder of the nation of Vietnam and Simon Bolivar, the “liberator” of Latin America have in common? Or Meister Eckhart, the founder of German mysticism, and Hildegard of Bingen, the visionary mystic and Béguine? What can be said Aristotle and Confucius beyond their respective influence as two great thinkers? Or of the poetic abolitionism of Walt Whitman and the art, banished by Nazi Germany, of Thomas Mann?
Here are a few of the twenty-five great thinkers, mystics, scholars, political and/or religious leaders, musicians and writers, from all eras, that Jacques Attali has chosen to present in this collection of short biographies on the major figures of mankind.

Ghandi
The Power of Thruth
Few men are the object of universal, undiluted admiration. Gandhi (1869-1948) is one of these few.
The small frail man who fathered the independence of the world's most populous nation –the future most powerful nation in the world – is also the theoretician of a doctrine diametrically opposed to what seems to be the very motor of history: non-violence. Gandhi, The Power of Truth gives us the story of how an extraordinary young man of the Indian upper classes, a man riddled with contradictions, would become the leader of the largest struggle for independence the world has ever seen. It also tells the story of a world, on the cusp of the 19th and 20th centuries, as seen from the other side of the planet. Furthermore, it takes a look at an era through the eyes of history's most famous activist, the greatest champion of decolonization that the world has ever seen. Lastly and most importantly, however, it demonstrates that behind all great strengths lie ideas.
On the eve of the sixtieth anniversary of the assassination of Gandhi, this portrait raises the following terrible questions: In a world where violence –in politics, economics and our private lives – has never been more prevalent, is it possible to build a world on Gandhi's model, a world based on altruism, exemplarity and non-violence? Is it possible to achieve non-violence through truth? Or is truth in itself the worst of all forms of violence?

Will we all be broke ten years from now ?
Will we all be broke ten years from now? Never before, except during wartime, has the West had so much public debt. And never before has unbridled debt weighed so heavily on democracy.
In order to understand the deep-seated reasons that have bankrupted governments like Iceland and Greece, Jacques Attali retraces the history of public debt, the story of both its progressive climb to sovereignty and of what risks to be its downfall.
Indeed, the stakes of public debt today are high. A necessary evil in governmental attempts at solving the financial crisis, it is nevertheless clear that if public debt is not contained we are heading straight to ruin. It is not too late, however. Depression, inflation and a moratorium can be avoided by repossessing debt's sovereign role, by readjusting public spending, by instituting new accounting rules and by implementing a sweeping overhaul of our financial and political systems, be it in France, Europe or on the world stage.

Beyond Nowhere
An American scholar working at a research center in Arizona receives a message from someone on the Internet that apparently was transmitted from the year 2126. The sender asks for the scholar's help in altering the trajectory of the Swift-Tuttle comet which is going to crash to Earth and destroy all trace of life. The sender asks the scholar to seek out one of the best-kept secrets of the Hopi Indians, one of the oldest Indian tribes in America. Who is this visionary and is he truly speaking from the future?
The two men are engaged in a grand game of chess on which depends the very survival of humanity. At the same time, on the fringes of this game, a love story unfolds which might not be unrelated to this great cosmic adventure.

Jews, the World and Money
Usurer, avarice, money-horder, such are the traits associated with the caricature of the Jew for two millenia. For the first time, this book paints the historic fresco of the multivarious relationships that the people of Israel have with the master of the world... money.
Whether they were wandering shepherds, merchants in Babylonia, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Carolingians, Italians, Germans or Polish, they were always at the forefront yet sometimes hunted. They were the inventors of the principal tools of modern capitalism and they embody in all their contradictions, that which defines the merchant class. Allies of the nobles against the bourgeois, allies of bourgeois against the peasants, allies of merchants against princes, they themselves being more proletarians than bankers, always nomadic, they are present in all the bifurcations of capitalism.
For the good of the world and to their great misfortune, because they became scapegoats at the time of each economic disaster, their destiny is a formidable lesson of history of capitalism and a prophecy of its future in nomadic globalisation.

Blaise Pascal or the French Genius
Pure autodidact, the “Rimbaud of thought”, mathematician, physicist, Blaise Pascal knew how to be heard by all and completely revolutionized Western thought. In less than four decades, he gave France one of its greatest philosophical and literary heritages.
This very lively biography is written by a giant of the French language. Jacques Attali describes the tragic destiny of an exceptional man, tortured as he was between his love of truth and his faith, his passion for everyone and his lucidity, his research and his zeal. He also traces the history of a half a century during which France came to rule intellectually over the world. This book foregrounds a thinker whose legacy remains fundamental today since it determines our attitude toward science and our relation to philosophy and freedom.

Karl Marx and the World Spirit
With the acceleration of the globalization, Karl Marx (1818-1883) has become more relevant than ever. The German thinker is, in fact, the first bearer of the "world spirit" and saw before anyone else that capitalism represented freedom from past alienations. He never believed that socialism was possible in one country alone but announced free-trade and globalization. He predicted that the revolution would only occur if and when a capitalism that had become universal was surpassed.
Countless biographies have been written on Karl Marx. But none combines the historical, scientific and political dimensions that the East German and Russian archives available since the fall of the Berlin Wall have opened up. Jacques Attali retraces Marx's history making clear the visionary nature of his thinking. Entering this giant's life and work highlights the fascinating 19th and somber 20th centuries and reveals how after having witnessed the fulfilment of his prophecies, we might avoid seeing Marx's worst fears come to life in the 21st century.

Dictionary of the Twenty-First Century
Are we heading for war or universal peace? Will the twenty-first century be religious or secular? Will the growth of population lead us to disaster or to a new vitality? Will we be able to feed ourselves? Will poverty invade our planet? Will technology allow us to resolve our problems? Will genetics supersede computers? What is nanotechnology? Will China be the number one power of the twenty-first century?
In this dictionary, arranged in alphabetical order, from A (Africa) to Z (zen), Jacques Attali responds to these any many other questions about the century to come.

Living with Less
In order to cope with today's crisis, nations, businesses, families and consumers are going to have to come up with new ways of getting by in everyday life, to put into practice, in other words, a policy of austerity.
Indeed, gone are the days of expensive lifestyles spawned by the illusion of infinite market and real estate growth. We are going to have to learn to shop for savings-not for brands-and to meet the demands of the environment by saving energy, water and natural resources.
Society, as a result, is going to undergo a radical transformation. Newness will no longer be synonymous with progress, making way for items and services free of charge and leading to the development of a wide array of new jobs. Furthermore, businesses are going to have to radically alter their longterm strategies and welcome outside talent.
A practical and insightful guide on investing, buying and negotiating during the present economic downturn.